KARELIA LOCATION — In northwestern Soviet Russia GOVT. — An autonomous republic of the Soviet Union CAPITAL — Petrozavodsk (Kalininsk) In 1921 the Karelians rebelled and for a short period a form of sovereignty independent of Russia was maintained. 100 Pennia = 1 Markka
Finnish Occupation of Eastern Karelia From 1941-1944 Finland occupied an area that had been lost during the war with Russia in 1939-1940. Finnish Stamps were overprinted and issued by 1st October 1941. Regained by Russia in 1945 The Stamp Atlas Rossiter and Flower.
The Soviet Satellite system. By armistice treaties, reparations and military occupation, the USSR gained influence over Eastern Europe. Stalin used it for the expansion of power (Soviet Imperialism) 1947 The Paris peace treaties. The USSR received Karelia from Finland, Bessarabia from Roumania.
The Century of Refugees Finland Following the “winter war” 1940 Karelia was evacuated, After the 1944 armistice with the USSR, those that had returned, were forced to leave permanently. Atlas of World History Vol 2 Penguin 1985