Russia had no aircraft industry in tsarist days. There were a few talented inventors and airmen. And there was an outstanding Russian scientist. Zhukovskii, who worked out the theoretical explanation of the forces maintaining a heavier than air machine in flight. and who was also the author of a series of brilliant researches in the field of aeronautics. But the inventions were never made use of, and Professor Zhukovskii's research found practical application only abroad. The progressive period of Soviet aviation began with the end of the Civil War (1922). The country then proceeded to set up special scientific research institutes and to build aircraft factories. In 1925, Soviet airplanes, furnished with Soviet motors., first made their appearance in the international arena. Soviet aircraft then set about making altitude, distance and speed records as well as landing on the North Pole in 1937. They even beat out their German opponents on many trial runs. In 1937 alone. Soviet fliers registered 18 different world records with the International Aeronautical Federation. Women pilots set about posting non stop distance and time records in 1938 covering distances of over 4000 miles.
1922 C1 Genuine & forgery The forgery wing ends are noticeably curved. The line is rounded were it attaches to the body. The back wing is not proportionate on both sides This appears to be a genuine stamp with a fake overprint
Issued to honor the victims of the stratosphere balloon disaster. Osoaviakhim-1 was a record-setting, hydrogen-filled Soviet high-altitude balloon designed to seat a crew of three and perform scientific studies of the Earth's stratosphere. On January 30, 1934, on its maiden flight which lasted over 7 hours, the balloon reached an altitude of 22,000 meters (72,000 ft). During the descent the balloon lost its buoyancy and plunged into an uncontrolled fall, disintegrating in the lower atmosphere. The three crew members, probably incapacitated by high g-forces in a rapidly rotating gondola, failed to bail out and were killed by a high-speed ground impact. The cause was deemed to be the gas being too cool as it reached a descent height of 12,000 meters and it lost buoyancy. Later flights were limited to under 16,000 meters